Bath Royal Mineral Water Hospital: The Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases: Also known as “The Min” ~ a bit of history I am closely connected with




The Kings Bath, by Thomas Rowlandson from the Comforts of Bath

Bath’s Mineral Water Hospital is about three hundred meters away from the bathing pool beside the pump room in Bath – where years ago the rich and the local of Bath sat or floated in the waters to absorb the minerals and appreciate the relief of the hot water brought from many conditions. In the 1600s Bath drew people purely for relief from ill-health. But as Bath grew in its fame as the place for everyone to visit in the 1700s  it was not only the rich that flocked there, the poor increased in numbers too.

As I raised in previous blogs, a couple of years ago, Queen Anne was the initiator for drawing the increased interest of the rich to Bath, when she sought the benefits of the waters in 1703. After her visit, a young fashionable entrepreneur, Beau Nash, saw an opportunity and moved to Bath to orchestrate its development into a city people came to for entertainment and pleasure. But the comfort and pleasure of the wealthy would be ruined by streets full of the poor who came in hope of help and found themselves living on the streets and begging. So in 1716 Lady Elizabeth Hastings and Henry Hoare suggested building a hospital to support, and contain, the poor, to remove the sight of those that were sick from the streets.

Donations were gathered from the wealthy who were interested in developing Bath by Beau Nash. This funded the building of the hospital, while all the stone was given by Ralph Allen from his nearby quarries that provided the stone for most of Bath’s building at that time. The foundation stone was laid in July 1738. The original hospital consisted of a basement, ground level and a single floor above which is what is now the east wing. To be admitted entrance people had to pay £1.50 if they lived in England or £3 if they came from Scotland or Ireland; this was fee was to enable the patient to be given clean clothes and to be sent back home at the end of their treatment. If they or their family could not pay then the governors would donate this sum.

There is a picture in the main hall of the west wing, painted by William Hoare, one of the founders, that depicts the patients the hospital treated. It shows those with symptoms of paralysis, rheumatism and a skin Bath Min picturecondition.


You can see that the boy has a brass badge on the right-hand side of his coat. The brass badges were given to inpatients to make it clear to others in Bath that they were inpatients in the hospital and were tickets of admission to the Corporation Baths. However, they also were a marker to innkeepers who were not allowed to serve the patients.

WallA second floor was added on to the hospital in 1793, so this would have been in place in the time that Jane Austen first visited Bath in 1797. The burial ground for those who died in the hospital was opposite, on the far side of the cities medieval wall, of which a short remnant survives today. But by 1801 when Jane came to Bath when her father became ill that area had changed too and the burial ground had become shops and houses. Jane Austen, her mother and sister Cassandra lived just beyond the medieval wall for her last months in Bath, in Trim St.

It was not until 1830, though, that the Royal Mineral Water Hospital actually had its own bath. An Act of Parliament empowered the hospital governors to lay pipes to bring the mineral waters to the hospital and construct a bathing pool there. This bath was taken out years ago, but, apparently, the tunnel that takes you from the hospital to the pump room, along the route of the pipes can still be navigated. There are also closed up tunnels under the road that take you to the houses the hospital owned on the far side.

The west wing was added and in 1861 and during the digging of the foundations a Roman floor was discovered. The floor is on display in the basement of the hospital.

Bath mosaic

The west wing of the hospital became the main entrance and was given a grand staircase, as impressive as many stately homes.


The portraits of those who founded the hospital and the painting by William Hoare adorn the walls, and the charitable intent of the first hospital is declared in the sculpture depicting the parable of the good Samaritan that decorates the exterior.


The best fact about the hospital, though, is that from the point it opened in May 1742 until today it has supported and treated people with rheumatic diseases, been a focal point for research and employed some of the best physicians. It is also the hospital where I am treated. In my last stay there I took the picture of the stairs that’s above from outside the door of my room. While the outdoor mineral water pool was removed some years ago, there is IMG_0260still a hydrotherapy pool and through the use of that, the hospital staff have enabled many people to walk when they had thought they would not get up out of a wheelchair and stand again. It is very odd to stay in the old rooms there and walk about the halls knowing how many generations of people, who have had similar problems, have been there before me (especially at night when nurse-call lights are set off without any knowledge of the patients).

I am not sure what people thought of the hospital in its early days but I would guess it was a great relief simply to have someone who actually cared enough to help them. That still applies today. But for them to be given food when they were in care and a roof over their heads must have timesed that feeling by a hundred. And today it is still a godsend to those who attend. The team in the hospital change lives for the better on a daily basis. But in the next few years the hospital will finally shut its doors on patients. The services are having modern facilities built in the main Bath hospital farther out of the city and when those facilities are ready the hospital will close its doors and become who knows what when the building is sold.

There is a small museum in the hospital, though, so if you are in Bath on a Monday or Wednesday between 2-4 or on Friday between 10-11.30, then it is worth a quick visit.

This post on a website showing a vintage postcard of the hospital with pictures, posted in 1916, is also an interesting view.

The Las VegasEscapists' Club (5)Reader Power

Join me at Kindle Scout, nominate The Nevada Escapist’s Club to be published by Kindle Press and if it’s successful receive a free copy.

Kindle Scout is reader-powered publishing for never-before-published books.
All you need to do is:
1. Click this link
2. Read the excerpt and decide if you’d like to read more.
3. If you want to read more click on “nominate me” to select The Nevada Escapist’s Club. Then cross your fingers it goes through and you receive a free ebook.

Thank you to everyone who takes a look and especially those who nominate. Don’t forget to tell any friends or family who love books too📖 Cheers.

The Marlow Intrigues: Perfect for lovers of period drama

The Tainted Love of a Captain #8 – The last episode in the Marlow Intrigues series



The Lost Love of Soldier ~ The Prequel #1 ~ A Christmas Elopement began it all 

The Illicit Love of a Courtesan #2 

The Passionate Love of a Rake #3

The Scandalous Love of a Duke #4

The Dangerous Love of a Rogue #5

The Jealous Love of a Scoundrel #5.5

The Persuasive Love of a Libertine #5.75  now included in Jealous Love, (or free if you can persuade Amazon to price match with Kobo ebooks) 😉

The Secret Love of a Gentleman #6 

The Reckless Love of an Heir #7

Jane’s books can be ordered from most booksellers in paperback


Go to the index


  • the story of the real courtesan who inspired  The Illicit Love of a Courtesan,
  • another free short story, about characters from book #2, A Lord’s Scandalous Love,
  • the prequel excerpts for book #3  The Scandalous Love of a Duke

Jane Lark is a writer of authentic, passionate and emotional historical and contemporary stories, and the author of a No.1 bestselling Historical Romance novel in America, ‘The Illicit Love of a Courtesan’.Click here to find out more about Jane’s books, and see Jane’s website to learn more about Jane. Or click  ‘like’ on Jane’s Facebook  page. You can also follow Jane on twitter at @janelark


Lady Caroline Lamb’s whole disgraceful truth… Part two – affairs of the heart

CarolinelambToday I will share some more about Caroline’s childhood, only because considering she was from the one of the most elite and rich families in England I was really surprised to discover some of the facts about how girls were brought up in the 1700s. We are frequently led to believe they were kept at home with minimal education but that was not true for Caroline…

Now it is time to set up an  introduction to this series of posts, for anyone who joins it after the commencement. Here it is –  if you did not read the post last week you may want a quick recap of the history for this series of posts, if not then you can jump straight to the point where I restart  with a little bit of bold type.

I was drawn to Lady Caroline Lamb, who lived in the Regency era, because Harriette Wilson the courtesan who wrote her memoirs in 1825, mentions the Ponsonby and the Lamb family frequently. Also the story of Caroline’s affair with Lord Byron captured my imagination. Caroline was also a writer, she wrote poems, and novels in her later life. I have read Glenarvon.

Her life story and her letters sucked me further into the reality of the Regency world which is rarely found in modern-day books. Jane Austen wrote fictional, ‘country’ life as she called it, and I want to write fictional ‘Regency’ life rather than simply romance. But what I love when I discover gems in my research like Caroline’s story is sharing the real story behind my fiction here too.

Lady Caroline Lamb was born Caroline Ponsonby, on the 13th November 1785. She was the daughter of Frederick Ponsonby, Viscount Duncannon, and Henrietta (known as Harriet), the sister of the infamous Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire.

Caroline became an official lady when her grandfather died, and her father became Earl of Bessborough earning her the honorific title ‘Lady’ and she grew up in a world of luxury, even Marie Antoinette was a family friend. Caroline was always renowned as being lively, and now it is suspected she had a condition called bipolar. As a child she earned herself a title as a ‘brat’, by such things as telling her aunt Georgiana that Edward Gibbon’s (the author of The Decline and fall of the Roman Empire) face was ‘so ugly it had frightened her puppy’.

And when she grew up Byron once described Caroline as “the cleverest most agreeable, absurd, amiable, perplexing, dangerous fascinating little being that lives now or ought to have lived 2000 years ago.”

Last week I wrote about ‘The mist’ the group of children Caroline was brought up among who travelled with her mother, Harriet, and her aunt Georgiana; a group of charitably adopted and illegitimate children who lived with the family. One of these children was the child of Bess and the Duke of Devonshire’s (Georgiana’s husband) illegitimate child. This girl was the same age and also named Caroline.

But it was not only Georgiana’s husband who was disloyal in marriage, it was extremely common in the aristocracy of the 1700s and particularly the set Caroline’s aunt and mother favoured. Caroline’s mother, Harriet, had several affairs, and one of the men she had a relationship with, Sheridan, began his affair with Harriet three years before Caroline was born, and when Caroline was three years old, her mother was caught with Sheridan. Her father then wanted a divorce. Georgiana’s husband, the Duke of Devonshire, returned from a spa in Belgium (which he had been visiting with Georgiana and Bess, with an aim to get a son) to persuade Caroline’s father not to progress the divorce.

At one point in Caroline’s youth, her father is recorded as having regularly added sedatives to her mother’s food, to stop her infidelity.

The cousin who Caroline became closest to, Hart, the Duke of Devonshire’s son, was born to Georgiana in 1970, in a house they were temporarily staying at in France, after being evicted from Paris, due to the commencement of the revolution.

But then Caroline’s mother became ill, following the collapse of a business in which Harriet had shares, she lost as much as £50,000 an enormous sum at the time, and it was her lover Sheridan who had persuaded her to invest. Once again the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire came to her aid, promising to cover all of Harriet’s debt and taking Harriet along with all the children, including Caroline, to Bath, and along with them went Lord Charles Grey. But when the Duke left bath, Charles Grey remained, and Georgiana was with him constantly. She became pregnant.

There is a record of Caroline at this time, in the confusing life of debauchery which she grew up in. Mrs Burney wrote about visits to the Duchess of Devonshire’s home in Bath, she states she was extremely uncomfortable when Bess came into a room during Hario’s sixth birthday party. Mrs Burnley states she did not like being trapped in a room with the Duke’s concubine, and then she notes young Caroline, who was five, but nearly six herself, ran to Bess’s side to show her a prize she had won, and ‘cast herself in a thousand affected attitudes’ on Bess, saying “precisemenet ce qu’elle avoit la plus souhaite” (precisely what she had wished for the most). Bess then kissed Caroline affectionately and Mrs Burnley records being disgusted by Caroline’s intimacy with a fallen woman.

It was after this that Georgiana planned, with Harriet and Bess, to go away to Cornwall to bear Charles Grey’s child, with the excuse that Harriet still needed to recover from her illnesses. But the Duke found out and returned to Bath then insisted Georgiana must give up Charles Grey and go abroad to bear the child, disguising her situation under the rouse of Harriet needing to take care of her health, and on the understanding once born the child could not become part of the mist, but would be adopted.

It added more pressure on Caroline’s mother Harriet, who was completely financially reliant on her sister’s husband the Duke of Devonshire. So at the age of six, Caroline travelled through France, during the period of the revolution, with a mother so ill she was suffering frequent short bouts of partial paralysis and at one point walking with crutches and a father who travelled with them but was unhappy with the situation and financially insecure. They had to leave Georgiana in Montpellier because she was too heavily pregnant to continue. She bore Charles Grey’s child there, with Bess, and then the child was sent back to England, to Charles Grey’s parents, with a wet nurse.

The sisters together again, with the children, but now minus Caroline’s father, travelled on to Switzerland where the women wrote letters to the Duke of Devonshire urging him to be forgiving, and calling him a ‘brute and a beast’.

While they lived in Lausanne, just before Caroline’s seventh birthday, Georgiana wrote of Caroline, ‘she is very naughty and says anything that comes into her head’. They were living there with Mr Gibbon, and this is the time when Caroline said he had frightened her puppy, she also used to order the footmen to bounce her on their knees, and also bounce Mr Gibbon on their knees.

They then travelled on to Italy. Caroline’s father rejoined them at Pisa, then they journeyed via Florence and Sienna, San Lorenzo, Vitebro and then on to Rome, it was in Rome that they heard that Louis XVI had been guillotined and following this, in March 1973, they heard that the 2nd Lord Bessborough, Caroline’s grandfather had died, and now Caroline’s father at the age of thirty-five became the Earl, and Caroline then held the honorary title, Lady.

They reached Naples and then in May heard from that the Duke of Devonshire, who said he would allow Georgiana to return. So the family packed everything again to travel back, but Harriet, Caroline’s mother became more ill on the way home, and so Georgiana, desperate to see her children, left  Harriet and Caroline behind, and travelled on alone.

And so this constant travelling, illicit affairs and family feuds created the first foundations of young Caroline’s life, but despite such an unsettled life, even by seven under the tuition of Dr Drew she was said to be able to speak and write in three languages, English, French and Italian…

Next week I will share some stories which tell a little of what Caroline’s life was like when she lived abroad with her mother.

P.S. If you would like to see some pictures of Florence, Sienna and Rome, some of the place Caroline visited, there are pictures on my Facebook page


The Lost Love of Soldier

The prequel to The Illicit Love of a Courtesan

is available to pre-order just click on the cover in the side bar


 Go to the index


  • the story of the real courtesan who inspired                                                 The Illicit Love of a Courtesan,
  • another free short story, about characters from book #2,                              A Lord’s Scandalous Love,
  • the prequel excerpts for book #3                                                                   The Scandalous Love of a Duke

Jane Lark is a writer of authentic, passionate and emotional Historical and New Adult Romance stories, and the author of a No.1 bestselling Historical Romance novel in America, ‘The Illicit Love of a Courtesan’.

Click here to find out more about Jane’s books, and see Jane’s website to learn more about Jane. Or click  ‘like’ on Jane’s Facebook  page to see photo’s and learn historical facts from the Georgian, Regency and Victorian eras, which Jane publishes there. You can also follow Jane on twitter at @janelark

Jane’s books can be ordered from most booksellers in paperback