Prior Park’s Grotto and Graffiti

The best folly in  Prior Park has not survived the passage of time well. It is the Grotto. See these links to get a glimpse of the Prior Park Grotto. Prior Park Grotto 1, Picture 2,

As I said last week, Ralph Allen owned and designed Prior Park with his friend, the poet, Alexander Pope, and undoubtedly the grotto was developed with Alexander’s influence due to its similarity to the one in Alexander’s property in Twickenham.

The development of Alexander’s own grotto took a lifetime. He gained permission to tunnel beneath the road in Twickenham, having built a Palladian Villa facing the river so that he might develop a garden on the far side. And here he built his best grotto, which was out of sheer fortune blessed by a spring which he describes in a letter in 1725,

‘I have put the last hand to my works…happily finishing the subterraneous Way and Grotto: I then found a spring of the clearest water, which falls in a perpetual Rill, that echoes thru’ the Cavern day and night. …When you shut the Doors of this Grotto, it becomes on the instant, from a luminous Room, a Camera Obscura, on the walls of which all the objects of the River, Hills, Woods, and Boats, are forming a moving Picture…And when you have a mind to light it up, it affords you a very different Scene: it is finished with Shells interspersed with Pieces of Looking-glass in angular Forms…at which when a Lamp…is hung in the Middle, a thousand pointed Rays glitter and are reflected over the place.’

It was never finished, because of the eclectic nature of the grotto – he was constantly adding things to it.

It became a mixture of two 18th century gentlemanly pursuits, one to build and design and one to collect precious things.

So much so that Alexander changed the description of his grotto to a museum of mineralogy and mining as he filled it with precious stones from Cornwall, fossils, a stalagmite from Wookey Hole and stone from across the globe, including a section of basalt from the Giant’s Causeway,Ireland.

And as you can see from the links to the pictures of Prior Park’s Grotto above, Ralph Allen’s Grotto mimicked this, with its intact eclectic floor of ammonites, crushed bone and pebbles.

The Grotto at Prior Park was built about 1740 and was Lady Elizabeth Allen’s retreat.

Her beloved dog, a Great Dane named ‘Miss Bounce’, given to her by Alexander Pope in 1739, and named after Alexander’s own Great Dane, is buried beneath the floor. Her epitaph survives;

 ‘Weep not, Tread lightly my grave, Call me Pet.’

Prior Park’s grotto was described in 1836 by a student of the Seminary Prior Park had become;

 ‘the roof and sides of this sweet retreat presented to the eye such a dazzling assemblage shells, fossils, minerals etc as perfectly astonished us,… The floor was almost as beautiful as the roof, being composed of a curious kind of stone perforated and inlaid with pie cones, fragments of bone etc, arranged in tasteful forms and the whole place exhibiting such a profusion of ornament and such a combination of taste and skill as I had never before witnessed.’

 And so to another of my secret fascinations – historic graffiti.

The best graffiti I have seen is in the Tower of London, and dates from the Tudor times of King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth I, when men were locked away for months to years and had numerous hours to carve elaborate graffiti in the tower’s walls.

It inspires my imagination to picture the person seated or standing there carving it, and makes me wonder what their story was – what their history was.

I am sure that Prior Park’s transformation from a family home to a Seminary, and later a Roman Catholic public school, following Ralph Allen’s death in 1764, explains the graffiti at Prior Park, as it crudely defaces the Palladian Bridge.

Yet, despite the fact that it despoils the soft Bath stone façade it is still fascinating to think of the 19th century students, gossiping, laughing and misbehaving as they carved their marks.

Or perhaps they were alone, silent and contemplative as they carved their name to memory, as previously Pope must have once sat in the garden and silently crafted poetry. Images of the graffiti, spanning centuries.

For more information on Alexander Pope’s grotto see;

 http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=19

http://www.twickenham-museum.org.uk/detail.asp?ContentID=21

For information on the restoration of the grotto at Prior Park go to;

http://www.thisisbath.co.uk/Plans-uncover-Prior-Park-grotto/story-11349806-detail/story.html

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Jane Lark is a writer of authentic, passionate and emotional love stories.

See the side bar for details of Jane’s books, and Jane’s website www.janelark.co.uk to learn more about Jane. Or click  ‘like’ on Jane’s Facebook  page to see photo’s and learn historical facts from the Georgian, Regency and Victorian eras, which Jane publishes there. You can also follow Jane on twitter at @janelark

I Love Follies: January

There is a good deal to be said for frivolity. Frivolous people, when all is said and done, do less harm in the world than some of our philanthropisers and reformers.

 Mistrust a man who never has an occasional flash of silliness.’    Lord Berners

It is no wonder that I am fascinated and inspired by follies as I grew up in the shadow of the one Lord Berners built.

The Folly at Faringdon in Oxfordshire, England, dominates the horizon, standing proud and tall on a hill looking down on the market town.

It is the end of an era, the last Folly Tower to have been built in Britain.

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Lord Berners, commissioned it as a birthday present for his friend, Robert Heber-Percy, of course it had to be ‘utterly useless’ in true folly fashion.

IMG_2807Life can be very mundane if there is no frivolity and Lord Berners was obviously a believer in a bit of folly as I am. He once wrote, ‘There is a legend that Our Lord said “Blessed are the Frivolous, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven” and that it was suppressed by St Paul’.

Lord Berners was witty. He seems to me the epitome of the folly builder, although they lived more in previous generations, in the glamour of the Regency and Georgian periods, when the wealthy wished to flaunt their money in excesses.

I just love the hedonism of the folly builder, building for the sake of building, for beauty or view, or just for pleasure. And now this out of fashion art remains for us to admire and enjoy.

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Folly hill was well known even before Lord Berners built the folly there. Its was a prominent post for historic battles. King Charles stayed in Faringon in the Civil War and the hill became Cromwell’s camp, and in the 1100’s it played a part in the war between King Stephen and Queen Matilda. A couple of years ago the ruins of the castle built in the medieval civil war were discovered beneath the ground at the bottom of the hill by the river Thames.

In 1774 it became famous for its views when the Poet Laureate, Henry Pye, wrote, ‘Faringdon Hill’.

‘Here lofty mountains lift their azure heads,

There in green lap the grassy meadows spread;

Enclosures here the sylvan scene divide,

There plains extended spread their harvests wide’.

I have included some photographs so you may enjoy the view as Henry Pye did. To find out more on Faringdon folly go to http://www.faringdonfolly.org.uk/

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Jane Lark is a writer of authentic, passionate and emotional love stories.

See the side bar for details of Jane’s books, and Jane’s website www.janelark.co.uk to learn more about Jane. Or click  ‘like’ on Jane’s Facebook  page to see photo’s and learn historical facts from the Georgian, Regency and Victorian eras, which Jane publishes there. You can also follow Jane on twitter at @janelark